The energy mix
Ghana’s electricity generation mix has mainly been from hydro and thermal sources however, the increasing unreliable rainfall pattern causing reduction in water levels has prompted efforts by the government to increase the amount of electricity generated from renewable sources solar and wind to diversify the country’s energy mix. Meanwhile, the country’s current renewable energy share is only at 0.6 percent.
- Ghana has locations of high wind resources that can be tapped to generate wind power.
- Additional power generation would help increase
- Ghana’s potential to export substantially more electricity to its neighbours in the West African Power Pool (WAPP)
(USAID, 2019; Africa Energy Report, 2019/20)
According to Ghana Energy Commission, the past decade has seen a considerable increase in Electricity demand among the industrial, residential and non-residential sectors in Ghana.
- While Ghana’s current access rate of electrification is at 83%, the second highest level in Sub-Saharan Africa, many rural areas remain beyond the grid, and other rural and peri-urban areas do require more intensive electrification than the headline access data suggests with the government aiming to achieve universal access by 2020.
- Domestic electricity consumption is projected to rise significantly with policies that would increase energy use by Ghanaian families and businesses when the government’s ambitious industrialization policy known as the 1-District-1Factory (1D1F) initiative takes off.